When a student walks into a classroom, the strive for understanding and the dedication to learn is starting to gradually diminish. Classrooms have turned into a discouraging arena for students. It is almost as if there is no room to fail and learn from mistakes, or students think that everything is a competition to get the best grade, instead of focusing on coming to a clear understanding of the material. Since school is about preparing students for the workplace, there needs to be far more real-world application into each class. Students should be walking into classrooms ready to take on a challenge together and collaborate to figure out a problem, rather than figure out who can get it right the fastest alone. Each core class has unlimited opportunities to incorporate tactics that a student will need in the workplace, into everyday lessons. In the English classroom, instead of teachers focusing on grading students grammar with quizzes and tests, students should be learning this grammar by incorporating it into their own writing and be able to use it comfortably. In history, while learning about all different empires and civilizations, teachers could help students make strong connections by acting out scenarios, and comparing modern-day civilization to ancient times. Science is one of the classes that currently keeps students engaged quite often by incorporating hands-on labs. Labs are a great way to help students learn how to keep track of statistics and use the scientific method. Math is one of the harder subjects to incorporate real-world scenarios in a lesson due to the fact that an effective way of learning math is repeating problems over and over again, however, problems that involve possible scenarios that could happen in certain occupations such as finding the distance of something or designing a house are very beneficial. Incorporating these tactics will prepare students for the future.
English classrooms often consist of a lot of essays, vocabulary quizzes, and silent reading. Essays are not necessarily a bad thing at all, it is just when a student feels that his/her writing is restricted and forced, the product that student creates is not always where the teacher would like it to be due to the student feeling annoyed that the writing had to be about something that did not matter to them. Rubrics play a large rule in this mentality students obtain while writing essays. Rubrics force students to write with less creativity, and often forces the essay to be robotic or poorly constructed due to the student trying to cram all of the necessary pieces of said rubric into one essay. It is still beneficial to have guidelines if a teacher is looking for a certain type of essay, however, those guidelines should not be restricting the student from including ideas and creativity into the essay. "The creative process is never too clear." (The Essential Don Murray, 2009). Vocabulary quizzes are very inefficient for one large reason. If a teacher is trying to teach students how to incorporate proper grammar into their essays by giving out quizzes, it just adds stress on the students and doesn’t solve the problem. Grammar should be assessed on how well the students essays are, not one sheet of multiple choice question answers. Teaching students grammar could be accomplished by revise their essays with them one on one and having students analyze pieces of literature. Doing this will strengthen the students writing skills for the future. Silent reading may be beneficial for some students, however, it is often to aid the students in finishing one book so they can move on to the next. Another option that will still help students learn how to read effectively is by analyzing pieces of literature. This is beneficial because if a student was to read a poem and fill out a quiz on what it means or what it is talking about, that student could have interpreted the poem completely different than another student. When students analyze together and do not have to worry about a quiz after, it is much easier to understand the poem. Analyzing as a class also works in collaboration and creativity with each student's opinion. "More collaboration equates to higher efficiency." (Mcgraw Hill, 2016). It also helps students connect all of the opinions shared to see the big picture.
History is a very diverse and interesting subject. Unfortunately, students often get too focused on remembering dates, names, and events instead of making an effort to understand the material fully. This is because of frequent tests and essays forcing students to memorize the material through repetition. Instead of focusing on giving students more and more worksheets until they understand the material, a teacher should focus on being more interactive with their students by giving students a chance to personalize the learning in a way that is effective for each individual student. An interesting way to incorporate effective learning of events in class is to have the students live through the event themselves. When reading about an event that occurred have students give their opinions and questions about the causes and effects of that event. In one of my history classes, we acted out a scenario one time and it was very effective. Each group had a part of The Odyssey and assigned each member a part. This created a memorable and fun experience for the students. It also helped the students come to a stronger understanding of the material that we needed to know. This helps students create strategies for effective public speaking by performing in front of their peers. Judgement is eliminated due to each student having fun with the activity and incorporating their own twists to the script. "Gradually grouping students together makes them feel more comfortable around each other." (Adolescent Literacy, 2007). Another effective way to engage students in a history classroom is to analyze and connect current government with ancient government. It also does not have to be government. It could be culture, religion, achievements, or economy. This will help the students appreciate the evolution throughout time and compare and contrast the material.
One of the most hands-on classroom environments is a science classroom. Students often enjoy participating in labs that is in their control. Science classes can often be a lot of note taking due to the large amount of content teachers are forced to teach their students. While it is a large amount of notes, it is an opportunity for students to practice what they just took notes on. One way to avoid losing the students attention is instead of going through a slideshow with notes on it for students to blindly copy down, keep the students engaged by having breaks with videos throughout the presentation and activities for the students to apply the information they just received. Labs keep students engaged due to the large effect their effort has on the results on the lab. Science offers a large variety of subjects for students to learn about. One lab I participated in at my school was a lab called "Angiosperm Lab." In this lab we were assigned trees throughout the campus and had to do certain measurements on each tree. Once we gathered the correct data we published data on an online database where each group see compare their data with other groups allowing us to observer where on the campus the trees grow the best. "Personalized learning encourages engagement throughout the process." (Mcgraw Hill, 2016). The teacher did a very good job on explaining what to do so the lab made a lot of sense and was completed effectively. This helped students connect data with the big picture. After analyzing all of the data, the teacher had us graph out everything we collected, organize it into tables, and reflect on the whole process so we could incorporate real-life skills into this project. Labs should be a time for students to collectively apply knowledge into a meaningful experiment.
Math is a very unique subject due to the way it is taught. Most math can be mastered through practice, which is typically not the most effective learning strategy within other subjects. While this may seem inefficient, practicing formulas helps students apply them into problems on tests and quizzes. Instead of including numerous tests in math, it would be beneficial to assign a project in the place of a test that creates a scenario for the student to apply their knowledge. An example is have a student create a house or building of their dreams with all of the architectural measures written out on the paper. This will not only allow the students to get creative with their ideas and feel free to construct anything they want, but it would also help them understand how the mathematics of that house would work, and also teaches them how architects work to create interesting yet effective structures. "Detailed interpretations lead to detailed ideas." (Adolescent Literacy, 2007). Math can be a boring subject when a student knows that the whole class is going to be practice problems. Another way to help the students understand the material at a high level is to give practice problems to the class that are challenging, but allow the class to work together to figure out. This way the students are collaborating but also applying their knowledge to find the answer.
School should not be a place where students are anxious to leave, but are anxious to create. There should be opportunities everyday for students to apply their creativity into each subject, whether it is practice problems, and essay, a skit in history, or a lab. Students need to be preparing for the workplace early, and taking notes and regurgitating that information back onto a test is not preparing them for anything. Giving students real-world scenarios helps them prepare by collaborating and learning to work well with others, being creative and not assuming that their idea does not matter because every idea has potential, and lastly helps them connect acquired knowledge into a bigger picture.
Beers, G. Kylene, Robert E. Probst, and Linda Rief. Adolescent Literacy: Turning Promise into Practice. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2007. Print.
"Connect." McGraw Hill Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2017. <http://www.mheducation.com/highered/platforms/connect.html>.
Murray, Donald Morison, Thomas Newkirk, and Lisa C. Miller. The Essential Don Murray: Lessons from America's Greatest Writing Teacher. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook/Heinemann, 2009. Print.